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Custom Fields

Keystone provides a collection of field types which you can use to build your system. If you need a field type which isn't provided, or you need a specialised version of an existing field type, you can define your own custom field type.

There are two parts to a field type:

  • The backend portion which defines what data is stored in the database and how it appears in the GraphQL API.
  • The frontend portion which defines how the field looks and behaves in the Admin UI.

The general approach to creating a custom field type is to take an existing field type and make the appropriate changes for your use case. In this guide we're going to create a field type myInt which recreates the integer field type.

For inspiration, see the source for the fields that Keystone provides and the Custom Fields example project.

Backend

The backend portion is the entry point to the field type. We define our field type myInt and the corresponding type MyIntFieldConfig which defines the accepted configuration options.

import {
BaseListTypeInfo,
FieldTypeFunc,
CommonFieldConfig,
fieldType,
orderDirectionEnum,
filters,
} from '@keystone-6/core/types';
import { graphql } from '@keystone-6/core';
export type MyIntFieldConfig<ListTypeInfo extends BaseListTypeInfo> =
CommonFieldConfig<ListTypeInfo> & {
isIndexed?: boolean | 'unique';
};
export const myInt =
<ListTypeInfo extends BaseListTypeInfo>({
isIndexed,
...config
}: MyIntFieldConfig<ListTypeInfo> = {}): FieldTypeFunc<ListTypeInfo> =>
meta =>
fieldType({
kind: 'scalar',
mode: 'optional',
scalar: 'Int',
index: isIndexed === true ? 'index' : isIndexed || undefined,
})({
...config,
input: {
where: { arg: graphql.arg({ type: filters[meta.provider].Int.optional }), resolve: filters.resolveCommon },
create: { arg: graphql.arg({ type: graphql.Int }) },
update: { arg: graphql.arg({ type: graphql.Int }) },
orderBy: { arg: graphql.arg({ type: orderDirectionEnum }) },
},
output: graphql.field({ type: graphql.Int }),
views: require.resolve('./view.tsx'),
});

DB Field

fieldType is called with the db field which defines what the field should store in the database. Here it's an integer (scalar: 'Int') but there are other kinds which you can find in the type definitions for DBField.

Inputs

The input object defines the GraphQL inputs for the field type.

input: {
where: { arg: graphql.arg({ type: filters[meta.provider].Int.optional }), resolve: filters.resolveCommon },
create: { arg: graphql.arg({ type: graphql.Int }) },
update: { arg: graphql.arg({ type: graphql.Int }) },
orderBy: { arg: graphql.arg({ type: orderDirectionEnum }) },
},

You can also provide resolvers to transform the value coming from GraphQL into the value that is passed to Prisma.

input: {
where: { arg: graphql.arg({ type: filters[meta.provider].Int.optional }), resolve: filters.resolveCommon },
create: { arg: graphql.arg({ type: graphql.Int }), resolve: (val, context) => val },
update: { arg: graphql.arg({ type: graphql.Int }), resolve: (val, context) => val },
orderBy: { arg: graphql.arg({ type: orderDirectionEnum }), resolve: (val, context) => val },
},

Output

The output field defines what can be fetched from the field:

output: graphql.field({ type: graphql.Int })

A resolver can also be provided:

output: graphql.field({
type: graphql.Int,
resolve({ value, item }, args, context, info) {
return value;
}
})

Frontend

The frontend portion of a field must be in a seperate file that the backend implementation points to with the views option.

views: require.resolve('./view.tsx'),

Controller

The controller export defines the functional parts of the frontend of a field.

// view.tsx
export const controller = (config: FieldControllerConfig): FieldController<string, string> => {
return {
path: config.path,
label: config.label,
graphqlSelection: config.path,
defaultValue: '',
deserialize: data => {
const value = data[config.path];
return typeof value === 'number' ? value + '' : '';
},
serialize: value => ({ [config.path]: value === '' ? null : parseInt(value, 10) }),
filter: {
// the filters section is omitted for brevity
// see what this looks like for the integer field at https://github.com/keystonejs/keystone/blob/e0d1b2068de2ea3b6770c58af91221b01e6a20cf/packages-next/fields/src/types/integer/views/index.tsx#L60-L128
}
};
};

Field

The Field export is a React component which is used in the item view and the create modal that allows users to view and edit the value of the field.

// view.tsx
import { FieldContainer, FieldLabel, TextInput } from '@keystone-ui/fields';
import { FieldProps } from '@keystone-6/core/types';
export const Field = ({ field, value, onChange, autoFocus }: FieldProps<typeof controller>) => (
<FieldContainer>
<FieldLabel htmlFor={field.path}>{field.label}</FieldLabel>
{onChange ? (
<TextInput
id={field.path}
autoFocus={autoFocus}
type="number"
onChange={event => {
onChange(event.target.value.replace(/[^\d-]/g, ''));
}}
value={value}
/>
) : (
value
)}
</FieldContainer>
);

Cell

The Cell export is a React component which is shown in the table on the list view. Note it does not allow modifying the value.

// view.tsx
import { CellLink, CellContainer } from '@keystone-6/core/admin-ui/components';
import { CellComponent } from '@keystone-6/core/types';
export const Cell: CellComponent = ({ item, field, linkTo }) => {
let value = item[field.path] + '';
return linkTo ? <CellLink {...linkTo}>{value}</CellLink> : <CellContainer>{value}</CellContainer>;
};
Cell.supportsLinkTo = true;

CardValue

The CardValue export is a React component which is shown on the item view in relationship fields with displayMode: 'cards' when the related item is not being edited. Note it does not allow modifying the value.

// view.tsx
import { FieldContainer, FieldLabel } from '@keystone-ui/fields';
import { CardValueComponent } from '@keystone-6/core/types';
export const CardValue: CardValueComponent = ({ item, field }) => {
return (
<FieldContainer>
<FieldLabel>{field.label}</FieldLabel>
{item[field.path]}
</FieldContainer>
);
};